Green Highlander

November 2014

Tied in hand or with a vise: Here's Erik Simpson's Green Highlander

	                        Fly Pattern: Green Highlander
	Tier's Name: Erik Simpson

	Date: November 3,2014

    Fly Originator and History: The Green Highlander is an old Atlantic salmon fly pattern. 
    It was designed by Warren Collins of Pittsburg Pennsylvania created from an old 
    pattern originally known as Highlander. Today, this fly can be tied as an elaborate 
    full dress fly with a married wing to be shown and displayed or it can be tied  
    as it was originally intended to be successfully fished as a salmon fly. According 
    to Terry Hellekson who wrote the Encyclopedia of Fish Flies, he describes the 
    Green Highlander as an Atlantic Salmon fly pattern that is a tied with a Gray 
    Squirrel wing dyed orange.

                                How the Fly is Fished
    Suggested line and leader:  This fly can be successfully fished as a wet fly using 
    a shooting head, or a lead line with a short tippet. 
    Suggested retrieve: Generally the fly can be fished by casting across and down 
    stream and then allowed to sweep across the current in tail outs or through seams.
    Depth: The fly is generally fished in a moving current near the bottom. The fly 
    should fish well in a current where the hackle fibers look like moving legs.

                                Why tie flies in hand?
    Harry Lamier stated in his Dunt Dee fly tying video now in our library. If fly 
    tiers did not have any problem tying flies before vises were invented; then he did 
    not see any reason why we should have a problem tying now after vises were invented 
    because we now have modern fly tying tools, magnifiers and florescent lights. 
    Harry enjoyed tying his flies in hand from 1990 until his death in 2012. Harry only 
    used a vise to hold a fly while he prepared the next materials for tying. I use a 
    similar vise that he used to tie in hand.
    Tying in hand is not for everyone. However, there are only five basic steps for 
    trying in hand developed by Harry Lamier but was not written. I use to the basic 
    steps to tie the Green Highlander. These basic steps for tying in hand can also be 
    used for tying larger wooly bugger, streamer, salmon, bucktail or steelhead flies.

                                Basic steps for tying in hand:
                       (It's easy to Demonstrate how without tying on materials.)
    1. Hold the hook in your left hand with your thumb and for finger       
    2. With a tweezers in your right hand pick up the material and place the material 
    between second and third fingers of your left hand.
    3. With your right thumb and fore finger of your right hand, place the tying 
    material on top of the hook.
    4. With your right hand, hold the material in place. Then make two wraps with your 
    left hand.
    5. Switch hand and adjust your materials. Then make 2 wraps forward and 4 back 
    with your right hand.

                                Fly Material
    Hook: Partridge low water salmon hook or Gamakatsu T10-6H, Sizes #2-8 or equivalent 
    Thread: Gold yellow floss and Danville's chartreuse nylon floss
    Tag: - Gold yellow floss 
    Tail: - Gold Pheasant Crest, Black and white barded Teal, Black Peacock hurl, 
    Medium oval tinsel
    Body: - Chartreuse flat nylon floss, Green Schlappen, Chartreuse ice dubbing
    Thorax: Yellow Goose Shoulder 
    Mid wing: of UV bright pink yarn, two strands UV Pearl Krystal flash  
    Top wing: Two layers of natural gray squirrel tail dyed orange
    Head: - Small black thread head with a florescent thread collar
    Wax: Premium Dubbing Wax or equivalent
    Head Cement: Sally Hansen's Hard as Nails for that desired lacquer look.

                                Tying Steps
    Note: If you prefer to see Erik tie the Green Highlander in hand, click on the 
    following link (to YouTube):
Erik's Green Highlander
    1. Tail and Tag. Prepare the hook; tie on the Golden Pheasant Crest, the Teal 
    feather and the oval tinsel on the bottom quarter of the hook shank. 

    - Pinch down the barb of the hook. 
    - Then wax the shank of the hook.
    - Wrap on the gold floss from the midpoint down to the Barb tip. 
    - Make about 6-8 wraps down the tag and back. 
    - Tie on a gold pheasant crest,  the black and white teal feather, the black Peacock 
      Hurl and the medium oval tinsel.
    - Wrap the floss forward to the 3/4 point on the shank.
    - Tie off the thread, make two half hitches, glue and cut.

    2. Body. Tie on the Chartreuse floss, the stripped Schlappen, the ice dubbing, 
    then wrap the tinsel and Schlappen forward to the return wire of the hook. 

    - Tie on the chartreuse floss.
    - Tie on a stripped dark green Schlappen (prepare and combed) by the tip at the 
      7:00 position, shiny side forward. Use a hackle pliers to palmer it forward.
    - Make a thread loop with the weighted hackle pliers. Lay on the Chartreuse ice 
      dubbing on a flat surface twist, finish the loop and wrap the thread to the return wire.
    - Twist the dubbing loop counter-clockwise and trim any excess dubbing in the loop
    - Wrap dubbing loop forward to the return wire making 4-5 wraps.
    - Wrap the tinsel forward making 5 wraps (2 behind and 3 forward of the Schlappen). 
      Tie off with a half hitch and cut tinsel. 
    - Palmer the Schlappen feather forward just below the silver tinsel to protect the 
      feather. Continue to palmer it forward to the return wire.
    - Lightly brush out the hackle fibers and tease out the dubbing with a bodkin or tooth brush.
    - Wet the Schlappen feather and pinch down the hackle fibers below the hook to look 
      like legs moving in the 
      water. Use wax if necessary.

    3. Thorax. Tie on a yellow throat, the UV pink mid wing, the UV Krystal flash and a 
    squirrel top wing onto the return wire of the hook. 

    - On the lower half of return wire, tie on the yellow throat both forward and back. 
    - Tie on the bright UV yarn directly above the throat.
    - Tie on 2 strands of Krystal Flash on both side of the fly.
    - On the upper half of return wire, tie on 2 small bundles of gray squirrel (cleaned 
      and thinned) one at time.
    - Glue each bundle separately.  Leave room for the head.

    4. Head. Tie on a small thread head, tie off and glue. 
    - Tie on an attractive small thread head by make 3 wraps forward and back down the 
      hook. Make 3 half hitches and then cut thread.      
    - Blacken the thread head with a permanent marker and leave a small signature chartreuse 
    - Glue the head with Sally Fields Hansen's Hard as Nails. 
    - Let it dry and glue again after 20 minutes. Then after 24 hours glue the head 
      again to get a desirable glossy lacquer look that you want.

                     Erik Simpson, 11.04.14