Elk Hair Caddis

October 2014

The Elk Hair Caddis: Chuck Whitney's Go To Dry Fly

	                        Fly Pattern: Elk Hair Caddis
	Tier's Name: Chuck Whitney

	Date: October 6,2014

	    Fly Originator and History: The elk hair caddis was created by Pennsylvania 
    fly tyer Al Troth in 1957, but only gained national recognition 21 years later 
    in Fly Tyer Magazine. The ability of this fly to float on the surface, and its 
    visibility make it the go to fly for many fly fishers.

                                How the Fly is Fished
    Suggested line and leader: Floating line, with a tapered leader and a fine tippet. 
    Suggested retrieve: Try twitching the fly as you retrieve it.
    Depth: On the surface. 
                                Fly Material
    Hook: Dry fly #14 or #16 Dai-Riki 300 or equivalent (Feel free to use larger or 
    smaller size hooks). 
    Thread: Tan 8/0 Uni.
    Rib: Fine copper wire.
    Body:  Caddis green dry fly dubbing (also try other colors to match the hatch).
    Hackle: Dark brown or furnace dry fly hackle.
    Wing: Elk hair, natural color.

                                Tying Steps
    1. Tie in a thread base starting from about an eye's width behind the eye to 
    the bend of the hook.

    2. Rib. Run the thread back to a point just above the barb and tie in the copper 
    rib, then run the thread back to the bend.

    3. Body.  Apply dubbing to the thread and wrap forward, covering about 3/4 of the shank. 

    4. Tie in the hackle feather's butt at the 3/4 point, and palmer back to the bend. 

    5. Rib. While keeping tension on the tip of the hackle (by hand or hackle plier), secure 
    the hackle by counter wrapping the wire (2 or 3 close wraps) at the bend. 

    6. Continue counter-wrapping the wire to just in front of where the hackle was 
    first tied in. Try to wrap the wire between the hackle windings to avoid trapping 
    the feather fibers. Secure the wire by giving it 2 or 3 tight wraps and break off the wire. 

    7. Wing.  The elk hair wing should extend from the eye to just beyond the end 
    of the hook. Deciding on how much hair to use is a matter of trial and error.

    8. Cut off a clump of elk hair and brush or comb out all of the under fur. Then 
    use a hair stacker to align the tips. 

    9. The wing is tied in just in front of the hackle. Pinch the bundle of hair and 
    first start wrapping with 2 or 3 loose wraps, then pull up on the thread to tighten. 
    Continue with several more tight wraps to secure the wing. 

    10. Apply a whip finish, cut off the thread, and apply head cement.

    11. Trim the excess hair by starting in front of the eye and cutting upward at a 
    45-degree angle. (Refer to photo above)

      Rick Shadforth 01/05/15